By Psychology PhD scholar, Louise Davidson
The Science of Teamwork
Teamwork is one thing that the majority of us interact in daily – for instance, inside a piece group or a sports activities group. We all know the members of our groups… their names, their strengths, their weaknesses, and their position inside the group. We take into account them to be a part of ‘us’.
There may be an abundance of proof to indicate that once we really feel like we belong to a group, we typically work properly with its members. This sense of ‘us-ness’ gives a powerful foundation for coordination and cooperation that’s very important for teamwork by offering group members with shared targets and norms, in addition to expectations of assist from one another.
Nonetheless, alongside the groups that we belong to, there are additionally usually others that we don’t. Reasonably than being a part of ‘us’, they’re seen as ‘them’.
However what occurs once we discover ourselves having to work with ‘them’? Is it attainable to beat this ‘us-them’ divide? And, in that case, how?
Working collectively to avoid wasting lives
That is precisely the problem confronted by emergency companies within the UK once they sort out main incidents. In distinction to different emergencies, like a small fireplace or minor housebreaking, main incidents exceed the capabilities of any single emergency service to deal with by itself.
Take into account, for instance, the Manchester Enviornment Assault in 2017, the place a bomb went off on the finish of a music live performance, killing 22 individuals. Right here, very important details about the character of the incident wasn’t shared between the emergency companies, ensuing within the Fireplace Service being evaded the scene for a substantial size of time.
In incidents like Manchester Enviornment, the Police, Fireplace, and Ambulance Companies have to work collectively to avoid wasting lives and scale back hurt. However how can they do that, when in most conditions the members of every of those totally different companies see the opposite two companies as ‘them’, moderately than as ‘us’?
This can be a essential query, and one which I’ve been in search of to reply in my doctoral analysis, and one which I attempted to clarify throughout the Soapbox Science Occasion in Could.
Soapbox Science, 2022
After participating within the digital Soapbox Science occasion in 2021, I used to be so excited to have the chance to participate within the in-person occasion this yr. On a superbly sunny day in Could, I turned up on Brighton seafront, wood sticks and playballs in tow. Having by no means accomplished an occasion like this earlier than, I used to be barely apprehensive as to what to anticipate. Nonetheless, as quickly as I stood on the soapbox and commenced speaking to members of the general public and seeing their engagement, I felt immediately relaxed.
Children had been drawn to the sport I had created which concerned three individuals representing Blue, Purple, or Inexperienced Staff (Police, Fireplace, and Ambulance, respectively). First, they needed to work on their very own get their color balls out of the field and into their bucket utilizing a stick. Then, they had been capable of work collectively. We counted the balls within the buckets to find out whether or not working as a group was simpler than working alone.
Apparently, in some circumstances, individuals didn’t carry out higher once they labored as a group. However I explored why this was – in these circumstances, they didn’t talk, they didn’t strategize, they usually continued working as people (regardless of being allowed to work collectively).
I used to be in a position to make use of this as a place to begin for speaking about teamwork inside the emergency companies, as mentioned above.
The factor I loved most about soapbox science is sharing my ardour for my analysis with members of the general public – seeing each kids and adults getting concerned and excited and hopefully sparking some ardour in them too, in addition to exhibiting younger ladies that they’ll have a profession in science. I wish to thank the organisers of this occasion for giving me the chance to be there.
My identify is Louise and I’ve simply gone into the third yr of my PhD within the College of Psychology on the College of Sussex. Alongside my research, I additionally work as a analysis assistant within the Behavioural Science and Insights Unit on the UK Well being Safety Company.
My ardour for emergency response stemmed from my Masters diploma in Investigative and Forensic Psychology on the College of Liverpool. Right here I discovered in regards to the persistent challenges that emergency responders face throughout main incident response, and the next affect this then has on their means to reply and assist these in want. Concurrently conducting my Masters, the Manchester Enviornment Assault happened, and I knew from that second that I needed to pursue a profession the place I might assist in these conditions.
While we received’t be capable of forestall all main incidents from occurring, this analysis helps us perceive why challenges with multi-agency response happen, and importantly what might be accomplished to stop them re-occurring sooner or later. This understanding is so vital with the intention to facilitate a simpler emergency response to main incidents sooner or later and, in the end, save lives.